Extract from: Lobster Magazine.
This essay has been written using recently declassified records on Project Pandora released on 19 December 1994 to the author after a Freedom of Information Act appeal filed three years ago. The aim of Project Pandora was to study the microwave frequencies targeted on the US Embassy in Moscow by the Soviets during the 1960s and 70s. All the sources quoted in this paper were included in the Project Pandora papers released to me.
Abstract: In 1961 Allan H. Frey provided evidence that the perception of sound can be induced in normal and deaf humans by irradiation of the head with low-power density, pulse-modulated, UHF (ultra high frequency) electromagentic energy: a type of radio wave. It had previously been shown that the UHF energy of wavelengths smaller than 10 cm. could produce a heating of the skin up to severe burning. Since then, work by Frey and other has shown that this same microwave energy is capable of producing selective tachycardia (a speeding up of the heart beat) and brachycardia (a slowing down of the heart beat). In 1973 S. M. Bawin et al provided further evidence that brain waves can be inhibited or enhanced by low power VHF energy. The ability to modify behaviour with auditory-cortext stimuli, peripheral heating, brain rhythm modification and many other biological applications of microwaves has been repeatedly shown since the 1950s. The energy in question is used in radar. In view of the fact that radar is capable of detecting a single insect at a distance of over 1 kilometre and at an altitude of 600 metres, it is therefore possible that the biological application of radar could be used as a weapon on an individual or mass basis for sociological or political purposes.
Electromagnetic energy in bio-sciences
Although the use of electromagentic (EM) energy in bio-sciences is considered to be a relatively recent development, bio-electric research dates back at least as far as 1786 when Galvani and Volta were arguing about electricity and frogs' legs. It was not until 1908 that the term diathermy for the heating of body tissues by high frequency current was coined by Von Zeyneck, the pioneer in the use of direct electrodes. But the real progress was made in the 1920 when F. Cazzamali, an Italian physician, discovered that he could induce hallucinations in the minds of highly suggestible individuals, and claimed to have detected radiation from the mind.
His work, Radiating Brain, was translated in 1965 by the Foreign Technology Division of the Wright Patterson Air Force in the United States. The Dutch physician, W. A. G. van Everdingen made further progress during 1938-43. He observed that microwave irradiation affected the heart action of the chicken embryo in relation to its glycogen level. In 1946 J. E. Nyrop recorded specific effects on bacteria, viruses and tissue cultures of exposure to short-pulsed EM radiation with the heating effect deleted. These early pioneers in biological manipulation with EM energy paved the way for a ne w era of more detailed research. It was not until 1961 that the work of Dr. Alan H. Frey convinced the scientific community that radio-frequency (RF) energy could indeed do more than heat a tissue culture.
Biological response to EM energy
Direct electrodes stimulation: it has long been known that direct stimulation of the brain with electrodes will produce artifical reactions dependent upon the region stimulated. Walter Hess, a Swiss physiologist and Nobel Prize winner, was the first to pioneer the implantation of electric wires in animal brains in order to record electrical activities. He found that the hypothalamus and associated neural structures located in the rim of the brain stem, the limbic system, controlled emotional and aggressive behaviour. It was also the site of appetite, the focal point of sexual behaviour and was tied to the sense of smell.
W. Penfield, a neuro-surgeon, took Hess' findings one step further. He used electric currents to stimulate the cortex of his patients' brains while the brains were exposed during surgery. The results were astounding. Epileptic patients would experience complete episodes from their pasts, so real that it was as if they were literally reliving them. If the same spot was stimulated twice, the entire sequence would repeat itself from the beginning.
In 1960 Neider and Neff used direct electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) to produce auditory sensations in cats for the purposes of conditioning. They pointed out that sounds are produced by direct stimulation of the b črain (ESB), that sounds are a proven behavioural conditioning stimulus, and that the quality of the sound improves in proportion to the depth of the electrical stimulus in the cerebral cortex.
Radiesthesia is a term for the ability of humans to detect electromagnetic energy. James Beal of NASA's Space Flight Centre, who studies the phenomenon, believes that we are all tuned in. He believes that external energy may have profound effects due to the fact that each cell, or neurone, is a tiny complex electrical system. Robert O. Becker, a research orthopaedic surgeon at the State University of New York, suggests that each neurone has the characteristics of a semi-conductor, behaving as a transistor or solar cell. He believes that the gial cells of the nervous system may actually act as liquid crystal in resonance with surrounding energy fields. If this is true, the nervous system is capable of magnifying electrical effects over a million times in amplititude. Becker is convinced that the brain contains a middle structure with a stronger direct-current field than the rest of the nervous system The intensity and perhaps the polarity of this current directly influences consciousness. Animals' brainwave patterns went from waking to comatose when Becker placed a magnetic field at the right angle to the brain-stem. He then reversed the process. Becker applied direct current to the frontal region of the brain and awoke chemically anaesthesised animals.
Auditory response to RF energy
Allan H. Frey made the following astonishing announcement on April 24 1961 at the Aerospace Medical Association Meeting in Chicago: 'Our data to date indicate that the human auditory system can respond to electromagentic energy in at least a portion of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Futhermore, this response is instantaneous and occurs at low power densities. Densities which are well below that necessary for biological damage.'
Frey placed his subjects over 100 feet from a sweep antenna which they could not see. There was no sound from the antenna. Yet they reported hearing a buzzing, knocking sound each time the RF beam swept past them. The noise level was estimated at 70 to 80 decibels (db), and ear-plugs allowed the subjects to hear the sound more clearly. The sounds were the same in all cases, and always seemed to indicate a noise just behind the head. Shielding studies showed that the temple areas were criticial to RF sounds. When the temples were shielded the RF sound was gone. There was no doubt that the responses were independent of the tympanic membrane of the ear. A new form of communications, with immense implications for the military, was discovered: direct communication to the brain by radio waves. By 1961 experiments had proved that the effect and range of auditory response to RF energy could reach thousands of feet. With appropriate modulation of the carrier transmitter the RF energy could create all types of biological effects on the targeted subject, including 'pins and needles' dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.
The path had been cleared to replace the electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) using electrodes with RF energy. It was now possible to achieve results similar to those achieved with ESB using radio waves.
The man from Manchuria
This discovery makes the creation of a Manchurian Candidate a reality. For the pulse-modulated transmitters could also carry information placed on the signal: it could be modulated to send words to the brain. An expendable intelligence asset, programmed by remote hypnosis, in a post-hypnotic state, could be activated by these means, to carry out orders directed to him or her by-passing his or her consciousness. The hypnotic command the target obeyed would be considered the target's own idea, originating within the target's self. Such operations could be carried out on the basis of a 'timed hypnotic command'. A hypnotist could order certain information to appear using RF means in the hypnotised target's mind at a given time in the future. A similar effect could be obtained when a hypnotic suggestion is made to be triggered by a word, a picture or other signal.
Today it is known that brain waves carry data for the processing of information in the brain. W. R. Adey believes that this data is digital coding imposed by frequency modulation of the wave. There should be no fundamental difficulties in transmitting brain waves into the brain of another person. For example, in infrared transmission a highly concentrated beam is used for information transmission.
Information conveyed into the brain of a person in any of the above ways has the effect of a sugg Bestion when the input takes place in a hypnotised state. There are also means of blocking access to retrieve any such information. By inducing amnesia in a person it is possible to disrupt, block, inhibit and reconnect his or her conscious (mental) concatentations at will, and thus produce contrasting effects which are of the highest value for later hypnotic commands.
Social and political implications
The radio wave energy used in most of the experiments is pulse-modulated or CW microwave energy. It is the same type of RF used in radar techniques: radar equipment is used in almost all of these experiments. J. H. Richter et al explained that if a radar can detect a house-fly at 1km, it can detect a man too. Radar range at 10cm wave-length - the type used in most of the lab experiments - is over 25 miles. Ther Xefore it would be quite possible to trace and target an individual's movements, within the radius of 25 miles. The same technique could be applied to the same target using EM irradiation. Clearly pronounced symptoms of microwave irradition are extreme fatigue; constant or periodic headaches; irritabiity; sleep disruption; memory difficulties; pains in the region of the heart intensifying after physical stress; laboured respiration; decreased appetite; enlargement of the heart; and other heart problems. A US State Department report by G. W. Biles suggests it is quite possible to induce a heart attack in a person from a distance with radar, since radar uses the same pulse-modulated UHF energy that Frey had used in some of his previous experiments on isolated frog hearts.
Comment: What could happen
By 1974 Lawrence Pinneo, a neuro physiologist and electronic engineer at Stanford Research Institute in Melano Park, California, had developed a computer system capable of reading a person's mind. It correlated brain waves on an eletro-encephelograph with specific commands. Twenty years ago the computer responded with a dot on a TV screen. Nowadays it could be the input to a stimulator (ESB) in advanced stages, using radio frequencies.
The concept of mind-reading computers is no longer science fiction.
Neither is their use by Big Brotherly governments. Major Edward Dames of Psi-Tech said in April this year (1995) on NBC's 'The Other Side' programme: 'The US Government has an electronic device which could implant thoughts in people'. Dames would not comment any further.
Bawin, S.M., Gavlas-Medici, R.J., and Adey, W.R., Effects of Modulated VHF fields on specific brain rhythms in cats', in Brain Research, Vol. 58, 1973, pp. 365-384
Microwave US-USSR, Vol. VI, July-December 1976, p. 4, Office of Security, US Department of State.
Jaski, Tom and Susskind, Charles, 'Electromagnetic radiation as a tool in the life sciences', in Science, vol. 133, no. 3451, 1961, pp. 443-
Steven, Leonard A., Neurons: building blocks of the brain, (Crowell, New York, 1974
Neider, Philip C, and Neff, William D., 'Auditory information from subcortical electrical stimulation in cats', in Science vol. 133, 1961, pp 1010-1011. They summarised the auditory responses at the beginning of their paper: 'It has long been known that auditory sensations may be produced in human subjects by direct electrical stimulation in or near auditory areas of the cerebral cortex. The sensory effects produced: knocking, booming, buzzing and so on. Some evidence has also come from conditioning studies on animals, in which direct electrical stimulation of areas of the cerebral cortex has been successfully used as the condition stimuli.'
Ferguson, Marilyn, The Brain Revolution: the frontiers of mind research, (Davis-Poynter, London, 1974 Telephone conversation with the author, May 1992
Frey, Allan H., 'Auditory system response to radio frequency energy', Technical Note in Aerospace Medicine, vol. 32, 1961, pp. 1140-1142
Adey, W. R., 'Information storage and recall' in Corning, W.C. and Balaban, M., 'The Mind: biological approaches to its function', 1968
Shapitz, J. F., 'Experimental investigation of effectiveness of psycho-physiological manipulation using modulated electromagnetic energy for direct information transmission into the brain', January 1974: personal unpublished papers submited to the US State Department.
Schapitz suggested the following experiment. 'Brain waves that have been produced by drugs of known psychic effect are going to be registered on magnetic tape. The recorded rhythms will then be modulated onto a microwave (or several beams if there have been multiple tracings) and will thus be transmitted into the brain of non-drugged subjects. Their state of mind will subsequently be investigated by interview, psychological tests and by polygraph recordings. Thus it will be determined whether non-drugged subjects are in the same state of mind as the drugged subjects.' He even proposed to use similar microwave transmission methods in transmitting the muscle movements of an individual to another targetted individualRichter, Juergen H. et al, 'Remote radar sensing: atmospheric structure and insects in Science, vol. 180, no 4091, pp. 1176-78
Microwave US-USSR Vol II 1972-1974, US Department of State Office of Security, 'A study of electromagnetic-biological effects', p. 5.
'Mind reading computer', in Time, July 1, 1974, p. 67. See also David M. Rorvik, As Man Becomes Machine, (Sphere Books, London, 1979